Frequent question: What 2 two diseases did the Spanish bring to America that affected the Aztecs?

What diseases did the Spanish give to the Aztecs?

Earlier, the successful conquest of Mexican Aztec and Peruvian Inca empires by a handful of Spanish conquistadors led by Hernando Cortes and Francisco Pizarro, respectively, resulted in large part from epidemics of smallpox and measles virus infection that decimated the native defenders.

How did the diseases affect the Aztecs?

The mysterious epidemic that devastated Aztecs may have been food poisoning. In 1545, an unknown disease struck the Aztec Empire. Those who came down with it might become feverish, start vomiting, and develop blotches on their skin.

What 3 European diseases weakened the Aztecs?

Intriguingly, this type of weather pattern may be what led to the fall of the once mighty Aztec Empire in the early 16th century–and not as is commonly held, by the invasion of European colonialists, who brought with them diseases like mumps, measles and smallpox for which the native populations lacked immunity.

What are 3 reasons Native Americans died?

For instance, Native Americans’ leading causes of death include “heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries (accidents), diabetes, and stroke“.

What disease killed the Inca?

In addition to North America’s Native American populations, the Mayan and Incan civilizations were also nearly wiped out by smallpox. And other European diseases, such as measles and mumps, also took substantial tolls – altogether reducing some indigenous populations in the new world by 90 percent or more.

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How many Aztecs died to disease?

Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language.

How were Aztec wiped out?

Fall of the Aztec Empire

The Aztecs were conquered by Spain in 1521 after a long siege of the capital, Tenochtitlan, where much of the population died from hunger and smallpox.

Who still speaks the native language of the Aztecs?

Today, the Aztec language is spoken by only one to one-and-a-half million people in Mexico, many of whom live in the state of Veracruz on the western edge of the Gulf of Mexico. Yet modern Nahuatl is rarely taught in schools or universities, whether in Mexico or the United States.