When did the Spanish convert the natives to Christianity?
When Spanish Queen Isabella I (1451–1504) proclaimed the New World to be a part of the Spanish Empire in 1493, she ordered that its native peoples were to be treated humanely and converted to Christianity.
How did the Spanish use religion in their colonization of the New World?
The missions were set up to spread Christianity to the local Native Americans in Alta California, but they also served to cement Spain’s claim to the area. From the beginning of Spanish colonization of America, religion played both a spiritual and political role, and was a major piece of Spain’s New World empire.
How did the Spanish colonists treat the natives?
The Spanish attitude toward the Indians was that they saw themselves as guardians of the Indians basic rights. The Spanish goal was for the peaceful submission of the Indians. The laws of Spain controlled the conduct of soldiers during wars, even when the tribes were hostile.
Why did the Spanish marry natives?
The Spanish sought a way to legally obtain the fertile lands of indigenous peoples, marrying the indigenous women of those lands. At that time there were indigenous people who thought that the Spanish were handsome because they were new, exotic and foreign.
Why did natives convert to Christianity?
They took from the indigenous people the tools to survive and cast aside all others. If they converted to Christianity they would be saved and much more, they would be civilized.
Why was it so easy for the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs?
They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
Did the English want to convert the natives?
Like the Spaniards, the British sought to enslave Indians without much success, and they also sought to Christianize them, although not nearly as diligently as the Spanish had.
What are the positive effects of Spanish colonization?
Spain’s purposes to colonize Mexico and the other colonies were getting new land, resources, and to spread Christianity. As they conquered Mexico, they got new land. Spain plundered lots of resources from their colonies, opened up trade and get profits and spread Christianity.
How did Spain make money in the New World?
By 1600, Spain had reaped substantial monetary benefits from New World resources. Gold and silver began to connect European nations through trade, and the Spanish money supply ballooned, which signified the beginning of the economic system known as capitalism.
Why did the Spanish missions began to decline?
2. The Plains tribes resented the missionaries and their intrusion on their hunting grounds. 3. The missions were isolated and often lacked the supplies and people to survive.