In what lands did Spain and Portugal build empires?

What empire did Spain and Portugal build?

Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire Império Português
Common languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy (1415–1910) Republic (1910–1999)

Where did Spain and Portugal establish colonies?

The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America. Thousands of Spaniards flocked to the Americas seeking wealth and status.

Where did the Portuguese build their empire?

One of the most powerful of the European colonial empires, the Portuguese Empire was ruled by an absolute monarch. The empire included colonies in coastal Africa, India, Indonesia, China, the Middle East, and South America.

Where did the Spanish build their empire?

Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.

Why did Portuguese empire fall?

Fall. The Portuguese Empire, like the British, French and German empires, was fatally damaged by the two world wars fought in the 20th century. These European powers were pressured by the Soviet Union and the United States and by independence movements inside the colonial territories.

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How many countries did Portugal colonize in the world?

Portugal’s Empire Spanned the Planet

Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world. The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources.

Did the Portuguese discover America first?

The last issue of AMERICAN HERITAGE reported the publication in Europe of an ancient map giving evidence that the Western Hemisphere was discovered by Portuguese explorers before Columbus. … Every American schoolboy knows that Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.

Who colonized Portugal?

Latin America

…colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century.

What did the Portuguese set up first in Latin America?

The Portuguese explorer Cabral had discovered the South American country of Brazil in 1500. The Portuguese began to settle the land. For about 50 years the main interest was in the brazilwood, a tree used for dye, which gave its name to the new colony.

What made Portuguese empire different?

Spain and Portugal controlled their colonies differently because they developed differently during the 15th century. I think the difference between the Spanish and the Portuguese empires was that Portugal’s strength was its navy while Spain’s strength was its army. Spain did not have a good navy compared to Portugal’s.

Why did Spanish and Portuguese influence decline?

Massacres during wars, susceptibility to infectious European diseases, and hardships endured during forced migrations all contributed to the decline in the Indian population and the weakening of its resistance.

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Who ruled Portugal in 1700?

The early 18th century, known as the Pombaline Era after Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, was a period of dictatorship and wide-ranging reforms.

History of Portugal (1640–1777)

Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves Reino de Portugal e dos Algarves
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Absolute Monarchy