How were the Aztecs and Spanish different?
Both the Aztecs and the Spaniards were expansionist and imperialist peoples, but the Aztecs used a tribute system while the Spaniards used colonialism. The Aztecs conquered the city-states surrounding Tenochtitlan and their own city-states and demanded tribute and persons to use as human sacrifices.
What did the Spanish have that Aztecs didn t?
The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. Cortés founded Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan.
Why did the Aztecs not match the Spanish?
Disease. When the Spanish arrived, they brought with them smallpox. The Aztec had no immunity to European diseases. Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish.
What resources did the Spanish take from the Aztecs?
By 1521 the Mexica capital city of Tenochtitlan was in ashes, Emperor Montezuma was dead and the Spanish were firmly in control of what they took to calling “New Spain.” Along the way, Cortes and his men collected thousands of pounds of gold, silver, jewels and priceless pieces of Aztec art.
How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?
Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language.
How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs so easily?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
Why did Spain want to conquer the Aztecs?
Why might Cortes have wanted to conquer the Aztec? Cortes might have wanted to conquer the Aztec because he wanted gold, silver, to convert them to Christianity, glory, and greed. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.
How were the Spanish Conquistadors able to defeat the powerful Aztec?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
Did Aztecs believe in God?
The Aztecs had many gods but worshipped Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war, above all others. Their duty was to feed the gods with human blood, thereby keeping the sun alive. … They believed that the gods could be satisfied through the sacrifice of animals, objects, and, in particular, people.
Why did the Aztecs think Cortés was a God?
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army led by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) conquered Mexico from the Aztecs. … Many within the Aztec Empire came to believe that Cortés was Quetzalcoatl the god who would return to overthrow the god Tezcatlipoca, who demanded human sacrifice.
How much gold did Spain take from Mexico?
Brain Snacks: Tasty Tidbits of Knowledge
That’s quite a pre-nup. Between 1500 and 1650, the Spanish imported 181 tons of gold and 16,000 tons of silver from the New World. In today’s money, that much gold would be worth nearly $4 billion, and the silver would be worth over $7 billion.
What disease helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?
How smallpox devastated the Aztecs – and helped Spain conquer an American civilization 500 years ago.