What was the goal of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
This left Spain militarily and politically divided. The Nationalists and the Republican government fought for control of the country. The Nationalist forces received munitions, soldiers, and air support from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, while the Republican side received support from the Soviet Union and Mexico.
What were the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
Spain quickly erupted into civil war. The left side, known as the Republicans, was formed by the Spanish government together with unions, communists, anarchists, workers, and peasants. On the other side were the Nationalists, the rebel part of the army, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, and, generally, the upper classes.
What were the political results of the Spanish Civil War?
In Spain, the Republican defenders of Madrid raise the white flag over the city, bringing to an end the bloody three-year Spanish Civil War. In 1931, Spanish King Alfonso XIII approved elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor of a liberal republic.
What did the Nationalists want in the Spanish Civil War?
It was composed of a variety of right-leaning political groups that supported the Spanish Coup of July 1936 against the Second Spanish Republic and Republican faction and sought to depose Manuel Azaña, including the Falange, the CEDA, and two rival monarchist claimants: the Alfonsist Renovación Española and the Carlist …
What ideology was Republican Spain?
Republican faction (Spanish Civil War)
|Dates of operation||1936–1939|
|Ideology||Republicanism Anti-fascism Factions: Progressivism Secularism Communism Socialism Liberalism Radicalism Social liberalism Social democracy Anarcho-syndicalism Basque nationalism Catalan nationalism|
Why did the Spanish republic fail?
The Second Spanish Republic played an important role in the country’s history. It began as a late consequence of the stock market crash of 1929 and was terminated by the dictatorship of General Franco, who emerged victorious from the Spanish Civil War after plotting a military coup against the republic.
Why did the Spanish Civil War fail?
In January 1939, its capital, Barcelona, was captured, and soon after, the rest of Catalonia fell. With the Republican cause all but lost, its leaders attempted to negotiate a peace, but Franco refused. On March 28, 1939, the Republicans finally surrendered Madrid, bringing the Spanish Civil War to an end.
What was the impact of the Spanish Civil War?
It resulted in great loss of life, much human suffering, disruption of the society and the economy, distortion and repression in cultural affairs, and truncation of the country’s political development.
What was the economic impact of the Spanish Civil War?
Spain’s economy was devastated by the war. Some 10–15 per cent of its wealth was destroyed, and per capita income was 28 per cent lower in 1939 than in 1935. Seventy per cent of Madrid’s factory machinery needed to be replaced, and its communications Systems, including the city’s tram network, had to be rebuilt.
What was the impact of the Spanish Civil War of 1936?
Between 1936 and 1939 Spain was gripped by civil war, as sections of the army, aided by the political right, rebelled against the elected government, helped by Mussolini and Hitler. Despite assistance from the USSR and the International Brigades, the republic succumbed and 39 years of authoritarian ruled ensued.