Was Venezuela ruled by Spain?
Following the Venezuelan War of Independence (part of the Spanish American wars of independence), Venezuela initially won independence from the Spanish Empire as part of Gran Colombia. Internal tensions led to the dissolution of Gran Colombia in 1830–31, with Venezuela declaring independence in 1831.
Is Venezuela a part of Spain?
Venezuela effectively achieved its independence from Spain by 1819 as part of the Republic of Colombia, and the United States recognized the Colombian federation in 1822. After Venezuela separated from Colombia in 1830, the United States recognized and established diplomatic relations with Venezuela in 1835.
When did Venezuela become independent from Spain?
The Congress declared Venezuela’s independence on 5 July 1811, establishing the Republic of Venezuela. Even before the Congress began its sessions in November 1810, a civil war started between those who supported the juntas, and eventually independence, and royalists who wanted to maintain the union with Spain.
Why did Venezuela separate from Spain?
The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Spanish: Cinco de Julio) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition …
What is Venezuela famous for?
It has the world’s largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world’s leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.
Why is Venezuela so poor?
Supporters of Chávez and Maduro have said that the problems result from an “economic war” on Venezuela and “falling oil prices, international sanctions, and the country’s business elite”, while critics of the government say the cause is “years of economic mismanagement, and corruption.” Most observes cite anti- …
Is Venezuela a poor country?
The 2020-2021 National Survey of Living Conditions (ENCOVI), conducted by researchers at Andres Bello Catholic University (UCAB), found that of the country’s 28 million residents, 76.6% live in extreme poverty, up from 67.7% last year. …
What was the cause and effect of Venezuela declares independence from Spain?
Bolivar formed the Viceroyalty of New Granada and initiated a fight. Venezuela declares independence from Spain. Venezuelans wanted to rebel against high taxes and a lack of freedom to rule themselves as a society. … Latin America fought against the Spanish empire, gaining Venezuela’s independence.
What religions can be found in Venezuela?
The U.S. government estimates 96 percent of the population is Catholic. The remaining population includes evangelical Protestants, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Church of Jesus Christ), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Muslims, Baha’is, and Jews.