What countries did Spain conquer in South America?

Who did the Spanish conquer in South America?

For the conquest era, two names of Spaniards are generally known because they led the conquests of high indigenous civilizations, Hernán Cortés, leader of the expedition that conquered the Aztecs of Central Mexico, and Francisco Pizarro, leader of the conquest of the Inca in Peru.

Did Spain conquer South America?

From 1492 to the 1800s, Spanish explorers were the bullies of the New World. Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.

Why did Spain conquer South America?

Spain conquered and ruled vast areas in central and South America. Precious metals such as gold and silver, land and a large population to provide labour were the attractions.

How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans?

The Spanish treated the natives very violently. They had taken natives as slaves and murdered those who were not of use.

What were the main goals of Spanish colonization?

Core historical themes. Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

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How many years did the Spanish rule the Philippines?

The Filipinos resisted and waged Asia’s first nationalist revolution in 1896. On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years.

Why did Spain lose its colonies?

There were many reasons that the Spanish lost colonies in America. The decline of territories coincided with the loss of power and wealth in Spain itself. … The Spanish lost Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines in its defeat in the Spanish-American War.

How did the Spanish justify their conquest of America?

Spain proffered three arguments to justify their seizure of the American continents and their subjugation of the native inhabitants: papal donation, discovery, and conquest. … This papal donation was a significant argument for title so long as the Catholic Church remained the only spiritual authority in Europe.