What did the encomienda system provide for New Spain and what was it based off of?
Encomienda, in Spain’s American and Philippine colonies, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indigenous population. It was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from Muslims and Jews during the Reconquista (“Reconquest”) of Muslim Spain.
What did encomienda provide?
The Spanish Crown provides a grant (encomienda) to a Spanish colonizer (encomendero) stipulating access to Natives, who are expected to provide labor and tributes to the encomenderos. Encomenderos are also mandated through these grants to convert Natives to Christianity and endorse Spanish as their primary language.
What did the economic system provide for new Spain?
Colonies were encouraged to develop mining, in order to supply Spain with silver and gold, and to develop agricultural activities. In New Mexico, mining was widespread, but ranching was the primary economic activity, with trade secondary.
What is the main purpose of the encomienda system?
Derived from the Spanish verb encomendar (to entrust a mission for someone to fulfill), the mission of the encomienda was to care for and protect indigenous people by awarding part of their labor and produce to men who had served the crown—encomenderos.
What was the impact of the encomienda system?
Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force.
Why did African slavery replace the encomienda system?
What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.
What was the encomienda system Group of answer choices?
The encomienda system was a labor system instituted by the Spanish crown in the American colonies. In this system, a Spanish encomendero was granted a number of native laborers who would pay tributes to him in exchange for his protection.
What was originally founded as a settlement by the Dutch?
An English adventurer hired by the Dutch government who led an expedition to find a path to Asia through North America. His expedition led to the establishment of New Amsterdam. New Netherlands was a Dutch colony founded in 1609 by the Dutch East India Company to maintain Dutch fur-trading practices.
Which part of England royalists control during all 4 years?
The Royalists controlled the southwest peninsula and the western shore, which were probably not as populated or modernized as London.
For what primary purpose did the Spanish enslave many American Indians?
Answer: The Spanish conquistadors enslaved American Indians because they needed labour to work in mines and grow sugar. Slavery in the Spanish American colonies was an economic and social institution which existed throughout the empire of Spain.