What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs quizlet?

What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

How did the Spanish finally defeat the Aztecs?

During the Spaniards’ retreat, they defeated a large Aztec army at Otumba and then rejoined their Tlaxcaltec allies. In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire.

Why did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs so easily?

They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

How were the greatly outnumbered Spanish able to easily defeat the natives of the New World?

Terms in this set (34) *How did a small number of Spanish conquistadors conquer huge Native American empires? -The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer Native American empires by spreading diseases to the Native Americans (have no immunity).

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What were 3 major reasons for the fall of the Aztec empire?

The four major factors that were obvious to the downfall of the Aztecs was the bloody sacrifices, religion, diseases, and the Spanish tactics used against the Aztecs.…

What did the Spanish think of the Aztec?

They hated the Aztecs because they had raided their cities for people to sacrifice to their gods. Montezuma II tried to keep Cortés from getting all the way to Tenochtitlan, but Cortés continued his march. He destroyed the Aztec religious city of Cholula along the way.

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language.

What did the Spanish have that the Aztecs didn t?

The Spanish brought chickenpox, smallpox, measles, mumps, and rubella to the new world. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.