Why did the Spanish bring African slaves to New Spain?

Why did Spain import African slaves?

Spain may have increased the number of enslaved Africans it brought to the Caribbean after 1518 because the Native people it had previously enslaved there were dying from European disease and colonial violence.

How many African slaves were brought to New Spain?

When we examine a delimited period in the sixteenth century, between 1521 and 1594, the data indicates that approximately 36,500 Africans had been brought to New Spain.

Why did the King of Spain want to help slaves?

According to Spanish law, slavery was not a natural state for any race. … In 1693, King Charles II of Spain ordered his Florida colonists to give runaway slaves from British colonies freedom and protection if they converted to Catholicism and agreed to serve Spain.

How many slaves did Spain have?

As of 1778, it was reported by Thomas Kitchin that “about 52,000 slaves” were being brought from Africa to the West Indies by Europeans, with approximately 4,000 being brought by the Spanish.

Where did the slaves from Spain come from?

Slavery in Spain can be traced to the times of the Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans. In the 9th century the Muslim Moorish rulers and local Jewish merchants traded in Spanish and Eastern European Christian slaves. Spain began to trade slaves in the 15th century and this trade reached its peak in the 16th century.

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How were slaves captured in Africa?

The capture and sale of enslaved Africans

Most of the Africans who were enslaved were captured in battles or were kidnapped, though some were sold into slavery for debt or as punishment. The captives were marched to the coast, often enduring long journeys of weeks or even months, shackled to one another.

What happened to slaves who escaped to Florida?

Since 1688, Spanish Florida had attracted numerous fugitive slaves who escaped from the British North American colonies. Once the slaves reached Florida, the Spanish freed them if they converted to Roman Catholicism; males of age had to complete a military obligation.

When did slavery end in Germany?

1807 Abolition in Prussia (Germany) The Stein-Hardenberg Reforms. 1811 Slave trading made a felony in the British Empire punishable by transportation for British subjects and Foreigners. 1821 Liberia founded by USA as state for emancipated slaves.

Why did slaves escape to Florida?

Competition between Spain and Britain made Florida a haven for colonial South Carolina’s fugitive slaves in the 18th century. To destabilize British colonization in the north, Spain encouraged British slaves to escape to Florida, where they could convert to Catholicism and become Spanish citizens.