Why did the Spanish Civil War start?

What were the two sides in the Spanish Civil War?

Spain quickly erupted into civil war. The left side, known as the Republicans, was formed by the Spanish government together with unions, communists, anarchists, workers, and peasants. On the other side were the Nationalists, the rebel part of the army, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, and, generally, the upper classes.

Why did the Spanish republic fail?

The Second Spanish Republic played an important role in the country’s history. It began as a late consequence of the stock market crash of 1929 and was terminated by the dictatorship of General Franco, who emerged victorious from the Spanish Civil War after plotting a military coup against the republic.

What weapons were used in the Spanish Civil War?


  • Mauser Model 1893.
  • Mosin–Nagant.
  • Vz. …
  • Karabinek wz. 1929(from buying from Poland)
  • Fusil Gras mle 1874.
  • Kropatschek rifle.
  • Lebel Model 1886 rifle.
  • Berthier rifle.

Why did Franco win the Civil War?

As well as being very politically astute, Franco was also competent tactically – his decision to fight a war of attrition played into the hands of the Nationalists who were better equipped and organised than the Republicans.

What side was George Orwell on in the Spanish Civil War?

Homage to Catalonia is George Orwell’s personal account of his experiences and observations fighting in the Spanish Civil War for the POUM militia of the Republican army.

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What countries were involved in the Spanish Civil War?

Germany and Italy aided Franco with an abundance of planes, tanks, and arms, while the Soviet Union aided the Republican side. In addition, thousands of communists and other radicals from France, the USSR, America, and elsewhere formed the International Brigades to aid the Republican cause.