How did Spain divide her colonies?
Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a north-to-south line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 leagues (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off the coast of northwestern Africa and then controlled by Portugal. … All lands west of that line were claimed by Spain.
How were Spanish colonies organized?
The first Spanish settlers organized the encomienda system by which Spaniards were given title to American land and ownership of the villages on that land. In return for promises to convert the Native Americans to Christianity, the Spanish were allowed to use the land and labor any way they saw fit.
What were the four levels of Spanish colonial society?
The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.
What were the two regions that the Spanish empire was divided into?
and 1540s, the Spanish Crown divided the American empire into two immense regions, known as viceroyalties, each ruled by a viceroy appointed by the king. The viceroyalty of New Spain consisted of Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean islands.
Why did Spain lose its power?
Many different factors, including the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court and a tendency to focus on the American colonies instead of Spain’s domestic economy, all contributed to the decline of the Habsburg rule of Spain.
Why did Spain lose its colonies?
There were many reasons that the Spanish lost colonies in America. The decline of territories coincided with the loss of power and wealth in Spain itself. … The Spanish lost Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines in its defeat in the Spanish-American War.
Why did Spain want to convert natives?
The first would be to convert natives to Christianity. … Aside from spiritual conquest through religious conversion, Spain hoped to pacify areas that held extractable natural resources such as iron, tin, copper, salt, silver, gold, hardwoods, tar and other such resources, which could then be exploited by investors.
What is the lowest rank in Spanish colonial period?
During the Spanish colonial period in the Mariana Islands (17th through 19th centuries) the CHamoru people were classified as indios. In the Spanish racial hierarchy, indios were the lowest-ranked group. The order was peninsulares, criollos, mestizos, Filipinos and indios.
What were the three levels of society in colonial Spain?
For official purposes, particularly the assessment of tribute and military service, three primary groups were identified: Spaniard (European and American); castes (castas), that is, persons of mixed blood; and Indians. Although such classifications were overtly ethnic they were strongly influenced by cultural factors.
The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.