Who was at the top of society in New Spain?
The four social classes
– The top social class were the peninsulares. The peninsulares had the best/highest jobs in the Colonial government and the Catholic church.
Which group held the highest status in New Spain quizlet?
Peninsulares, people from Spain, were at the top of the social structure, followed by creoles, or people of Spanish descent born in the Americas.
The Spanish colonial caste system
The Peninsulares had the most power, but were a small group. The Native Americans and African slaves had the least amount of power, but had the largest population.
The correct order of the social classes in Spanish colonial society would be “D) Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos, Native Americans,” with Peninsulares being at the “top”.
Birth, education, and income are factors that determine a person’s social class in Spanish Colonial Society.
How did the governor of East Florida increase the population quizlet?
Most were sent to reservations out west. How did James Grant increase the population of East Florida? He encouraged settlers from North and South Carolina, Georgia, and other British colonies to come start large farms and start plantations.
What group held the highest official positions in New Spain?
Born in Spain, peninsulares held the highest jobs in government and the Church. They also owned large tracts of land as well as rich gold and silver mines. Below the peninsulares were the creoles, people born in the Americas to parents of Spanish origin. Many creoles were wealthy and well educated.
What was the main result of the Encomienda system?
They benefited from the discovery of gold and silver in the New World, and the mining of those metals by their laborers. The system resulted in the widespread abuse of indigenous peoples, as well as the theft of their land.
Within Latin America a strict social structure was established with Peninsulares (Europeans born in Spain) on top of the social hierarchy while Creoles (Europeans born in America) were considered second class citizens.
What groups existed in New Spain?
For official purposes, particularly the assessment of tribute and military service, three primary groups were identified: Spaniard (European and American); castes (castas), that is, persons of mixed blood; and Indians.
The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.